Japanese Gardens, Japan's diverse culture is reflected everywhere, from architecture to gardening.
One of the most populated countries in Asia, Japan is a highly developed country. Some traditions of the Japanese, who have managed to preserve their culture and language, have been going on for many years. They showcase their rich culture in every aspect. One of them is landscaping. Landscape architecture is one of the most important subjects in Japan. Japanese gardening fascinates many with its noble and creative designs. Here's what you need to know about Japanese gardens that shine with the magnificent beauty of sakura trees.
Japanese gardens are art in Japanese culture. These gardens are seen as a design that brings peace and tranquility to both the artist and the audience.
Japanese gardens date back to the 7th century. Every element in these unique gardens is carefully selected to create a harmonious atmosphere.
the design of Japanese gardens; carefully thought out to best represent the religious and philosophical ideas of its creator. Every decorative object, from sand to rock, from bridges to lanterns, is chosen to form a whole with each other. Each style focuses on something different.
Rocks, ponds, sand, and water are arranged in a way that gives a feeling of naturalness. In Japanese garden designs, Buddhism has always been the main source of inspiration for designers, and many of the elements found in a garden carry a strong symbolic meaning. But with the advent of Zen Buddhism, gardens became simpler and calmer.
Japanese gardens are organized in different styles, each characterized by its own structure and decorative elements. These gardens of unique beauty fascinate those who see them. Some of the main decor elements in these gardens where harmony is based
A powerful symbol in Buddhism, water is an essential part of Japanese gardens. When water is decorated with stones, it represents yin and yang. Ponds and rivers are cleverly constructed, resulting in different styles; an “ocean style” in which rocks are eroded by water; or “swamp-pond style,” such as a large pond full of aquatic plants or miniature waterfalls.
Different rocks represent different things. A flat rock can represent the world, while a vertical rock can be used to represent the "House of the Eight Immortals". Volcanic rocks are used as stepping stones, while sedimentary rocks are normally used around lakes. Placing the rocks at the right points contributes greatly to the overall aesthetic of the garden.
Bridges symbolize a way to reach heaven, immortality, as the many small islands within the gardens represent idyllic places. They can be made of wood, stone, earth, and moss-covered logs. They can be straight or arched.
Stone lanterns emerged during the Nara period and were used in gardens during the Momoyama period. Each of these corresponds to an element of Buddhist cosmology; earth, water, fire, air, and spirit (or space).
Trees And Plants
The trees and plants are carefully chosen in Japanese gardens and they are certainly not ordinary. They are used to hide unwanted views, provide a background to the garden, add more elements to a scene. When choosing trees, gardeners consider garden colors and evaluate trees based on the season in which they bloom. Sacred to Buddhists, the Lotus has a strong religious meaning.