Oyster mushrooms have thrown both our hearts and our stomachs with their images resembling oyster shells that have just come out of the sea. This beautiful mushroom variety, which takes its place almost everywhere from market stalls to market shelves, continues to add flavor and taste to our meals. Let's get to know this delicious mushroom, which leaves a mark on the palate with its taste that goes to the top when it meets with a little garlic and onion, and let's discover all its features from its cultivation to its benefits.
What are oyster mushrooms?
Scientifically known as "Pleurotus ostreatus" and also known as poplar mushroom, this delicious mushroom species was first cultivated in Germany during World War I to make a living. Since then, the interest shown in oyster mushrooms has increased and it has established itself as a commercial food worldwide with its taste and appearance. It has a considerable place in Japanese, Korean and Chinese cuisines. The reason why it is also known as leaf mushroom or beech mushroom is that it grows on the trunks of beech and poplar trees in nature.
Oyster mushroom production: How to grow oyster mushrooms?
Oyster mushrooms are very easy to grow. You can easily grow these mushrooms even in your home kitchen and enjoy them in your meals. When they come out on their own in nature, they usually prefer the upper parts of the trees, this is because there is plenty of oxygen, moisture and dew in those parts. This type of mushroom, which is easier to grow especially in the northern regions, begins to be seen on the trunks of the trees after the incubation period at the end of summer, when the weather gets colder in September and October.
How to grow oyster mushrooms at home?
If you want to grow oyster mushrooms at home, you can buy them from ready-made kits sold in large markets and in an environment where you provide suitable conditions, you can get your mushrooms after a few irrigation.
Essential ingredients for growing oyster mushrooms:
10 kg of wood shavings
250 grams of micellar (mushroom seed)
Oversized thick garbage bag.
How to grow oyster mushrooms step by step?
Spread the sawdust in a thick layer on the bottom of the garbage bag, soak and sprinkle the mushroom seeds called micelles.
This time put a thinner layer of sawdust on top, moisten it and sprinkle seeds again.
In this way, fill the bag on top of each other and tie it tightly.
If possible, leave this bag on the balcony for 20 days without touching it, and at the end of the waiting period, make cuts on the sides of your bag with a razor. After about 10 days, you will start to see your mushrooms.
As you collect the mushrooms, sprinkle the cuts with water and renew your kit after 3 months.
How to grow oyster mushrooms on a stump?
First you need to find a suitable log. You can get a better yield from logs obtained from beech and poplar wood. You can get a log from forest villages or a wood-selling place.
A log with an average length of 35 cm and a diameter of around 20 cm would be the ideal choice. Drill 5 cm deep holes at regular intervals on the log.
If your log is from a freshly cut tree, its moisture is sufficient, but if it is a dry log, you can soak it in water to moisten it.
Place oyster mushroom seeds wrapped in straw litter into the holes you dug and wait for about 20 days. You can collect the mushrooms that come out at the end of the waiting period.
What are the benefits of oyster mushrooms?
It helps in breaking free radicals with its antioxidant properties.
It contributes to the balancing of cholesterol.
Thanks to its antibacterial properties, it helps to destroy bacteria like a natural antibiotic.
It contains high levels of iron and B vitamins.
It supports the immune system.
Since it is good for digestion, it is also helpful in the treatment of constipation.
Oyster mushroom recipe: how to cook oyster mushrooms?
For those who buy oyster mushrooms and ask " How to cook oyster mushrooms? ", We have a delicious recipe. This is a very practical and protein-rich oyster mushroom saute recipe.
Ingredients for oyster mushroom sauteed:
1/2 kilogram oyster mushrooms (coarsely chopped)
2 tablespoons olive oil 1 tablespoon butter
3 cloves of garlic (crushed)
4 sprigs of fresh thyme
1 tablespoon of lemon juice
1 teaspoon of chili pepper (according to taste)
How to make oyster mushroom sauteed recipe?
Add the olive oil to the heated pan and add the oyster mushrooms that you previously chopped.
After the mushrooms release the juice, add the garlic and lemon juice.
After stirring on the fire for 2 minutes, add salt, black pepper, chili pepper and fresh thyme on the mushrooms.
Finally, put the butter in the pan and mix until it melts. After it melts, you can now take the pan from the stove.